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Densification and preservation of ceramic nanocrystalline character by spark plasma sintering

Chaim, Rachman and Marder, Rachel and Estournès, Claude and Shen, Zhijian Densification and preservation of ceramic nanocrystalline character by spark plasma sintering. (2012) Advances in Applied Ceramics, 111 (5-6). 280-285(6). ISSN 1743-6753

(Document in English)

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/1743676111Y.0000000074


Spark plasma sintering is a hot pressing technique where rapid heating by dc electric pulses is used simultaneously with applied pressure. Thus, spark plasma sintering is highly suitable for rapid densification of ceramic nanoparticles and preservation of the final nanostructure. A considerable portion of the shrinkage during densification of the green compact of nanoparticles in the first and intermediate stages of sintering occurs during heating by particle rearrangement by sliding and rotation. Further densification to the final stage of sintering takes place by either plastic yield or diffusional processes. Full densification in the final stage of sintering is associated with diffusional processes only. Nanoparticle sliding and rotation during heating may also lead to grain coalescence, with much faster kinetics than normal grain growth at higher temperatures. Based on existing models for particle rearrangement and sliding, the contributions of these processes in conjunction with nanoparticle properties and process parameters were highlighted.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Maney Publishing editor. The definitive version is available at www.ingentaconnect.com/content/maney/aac/2012/00000111/F0020005 /art00007?token=0058162eb660d9437a63736a6f3847354c3e766a775023766f644a467c79675d7c4e724770b7c29f6b15351c
HAL Id:hal-03528796
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Other partners > Technion – Israel Institute of Technology (ISRAEL)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Other partners > Stockholm University (SWEDEN)
Laboratory name:
Deposited On:25 Jun 2013 07:34

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