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Effect of cerium concentration on corrosion resistance and polymerization of hybrid sol–gel coating on martensitic stainless steel

Cambon, Jean-Baptiste and Ansart, Florence and Bonino, Jean-Pierre and Turq, Viviane Effect of cerium concentration on corrosion resistance and polymerization of hybrid sol–gel coating on martensitic stainless steel. (2012) Progress in Organic Coatings, 75 (4). 486-493. ISSN 0300-9440

(Document in English)

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.porgcoat.2012.06.005


Stainless steels are increasingly used in the aeronautics field for the manufacture of structural parts. One of them, the X13VD martensitic stainless steel (X12CrNiMoV12-3), known for its good mechanical properties, has a poor corrosion resistance in confined or severe environments. In the past years, Cr(VI) based pre-treatments have been currently used for corrosion protection of different metals, however, they are toxic and due to environmental regulations, they will be definitely banned in a near future. Alternatives to replace Cr(VI) show advantages and drawbacks considering key properties such as: corrosion resistance, adhesion of coatings, fatigue resistance, durability and reliability. However, some of their possible alternatives show high potential. In this paper, a process was developed to improve the corrosion resistance of the martensitic stainless steel. Organic–inorganic hybrid coatings with different cerium concentrations were deposited onto stainless steel by sol–gel process. Corrosion resistance of the coatings was evaluated by electrochemical impedance measurements and it has been proved that cerium concentration of 0.01 M into hybrid coating was an optimal content. Adhesion tests were also carried out by "nanoscratchtest" to characterize the coatings mechanical properties as a function of cerium concentration but results do not clearly show the influence of cerium for the coating adhesion toward the substrate. To try to correlate with the electrochemical properties, liquid 29Si NMR spectroscopy was then performed to investigate hydrolysis and condensation reactions of sol–gel process, and by this method, it was demonstrated that for higher cerium concentration (>0.01 M) there is a modification of the chemical structure of the sol–gel network.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0300944012001609
HAL Id:hal-00833772
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:13 Jun 2013 13:03

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