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Humanoid manipulation and locomotion with real-time footstep optimization

Dang, Duong. Humanoid manipulation and locomotion with real-time footstep optimization. PhD, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, 2012

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Official URL: http://ethesis.inp-toulouse.fr/archive/00002038/

Abstract

This thesis focuses on realization of tasks with locomotion on humanoid robots. Thanks to their numerous degrees of freedom, humanoid robots possess a very high level of redundancy. On the other hand, humanoids are underactuated in the sense that the position and orientation of the base are not directly controlled by any motor. These two aspects, usually studied separately in manipulation and locomotion research, are unified in a same framework in this thesis and are resolved as one unique problem. Moreover, the generation of a complex movement involving both tasks and footsteps is also improved becomes reactive. By dividing the optimization process into appropriate stages and by feeding directly the intermediate result to a task-based controller, footsteps can be calculated and adapted in real-time to deal with changes in the environment. A perception module is also developed to build a closed perception-decision-action loop. This architecture combining motion planning and reactivity validated on the HRP-2 robot. Two classes of experiments are carried out. In one case the robot has to grasp an object far away at different height level. In the other, the robot has to step over an object on the floor. In both cases, the execution conditions are updated in real-time to deal with the dynamics of the environment: changes in position of the target to be caught or of the obstacle to be stepped over.

Item Type:PhD Thesis
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
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Research Director:
Laumond, Jean-Paul
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Deposited By: admin admin
Deposited On:25 Feb 2013 22:58

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