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Smoothing under Diffeomorphic Constraints with Homeomorphic Splines

Bigot, Jérémie and Gadat, Sébastien Smoothing under Diffeomorphic Constraints with Homeomorphic Splines. (2010) SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis, 48 (1). 224-243. ISSN 0036-1429

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1137/080727555


In this paper we introduce a new class of diffeomorphic smoothers based on general spline smoothing techniques and on the use of some tools that have been recently developed in the context of image warping to compute smooth diffeomorphisms. This diffeomorphic spline is defined as the solution of an ordinary differential equation governed by an appropriate time-dependent vector field. This solution has a closed form expression which can be computed using classical unconstrained spline smoothing techniques. This method does not require the use of quadratic or linear programming under inequality constraints and has therefore a low computational cost. In a one dimensional setting incorporating diffeomorphic constraints is equivalent to impose monotonicity. Thus, as an illustration, it is shown that such a monotone spline can be used to monotonize any unconstrained estimator of a regression function, and that this monotone smoother inherits the convergence properties of the unconstrained estimator. Some numerical experiments are proposed to illustrate its finite sample performances, and to compare them with another monotone estimator. We also provide a two-dimensional application on the computation of diffeomorphisms for landmark and image matching.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Toulouse - INSA (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse - Jean Jaurès - UT2J (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse 1 Capitole - UT1 (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:19 Mar 2013 10:20

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