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The chloroplast-to-chromoplast transition in tomato fruit

Bian, Wanping. The chloroplast-to-chromoplast transition in tomato fruit. PhD, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, 2012

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Official URL: http://ethesis.inp-toulouse.fr/archive/00002064/

Abstract

One of the most important phenomenons occurring during tomato fruit ripening is the color change from green to red. This change takes place in the plastids and corresponds to the differentiation of photosynthetic plastids, chloroplasts, into non photosynthetic plastids that accumulate carotenoids, chromoplasts. In this thesis we first present a bibliographic introduction reviewing the state of the art in the field of chloroplast to chromoplast transition and describing the structural and physiological changes occurring during the transition. Then, in the first chapter we present an in situ real-time recording of pigment fluorescence on live tomato fruit slices at three ripening stages. By viewing individual plastids it was possible to show that the chloroplast to chromoplast transition was synchronous for all plastids of a single cell and that all chromoplasts derived from pre-existing chloroplasts. In chapter two, a quantitative proteomic approach of the chloroplast-to-chromoplast transition is presented that identifies differentially expressed proteins. Stringent curation and processing of the data identified 1932 proteins among which 1529 were quantified by spectral counting. The quantification procedures have been subsequently validated by immune-blot evaluation of some proteins. Chromoplastogenesis appears to comprise major metabolic shifts (decrease in abundance of proteins of light reactions and carbohydrate metabolism and increase in terpenoid biosynthesis and stress-related protein) that are coupled to the disruption of the thylakoid and photosystems biogenesis machinery, elevated energy production components and loss of plastid division machinery. In the last chapter, we have used lincomycin, a specific inhibitor of protein translation within the plastids, in order to study the effects on fruit ripening and on the expression of some ripening-related nuclear genes. Preliminary results indicate that inhibiting protein translation in the plastids affects fruit ripening by reducing the accumulation of carotenoids. The expression of several nuclear genes has been affected but a clear relationship with the altered ripening phenotype could not be established. Altogether, our work gives new insights on the chromoplast differentiation process and provides novel resource data on the plastid proteome.

Item Type:PhD Thesis
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
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Research Director:
Pech, Jean claude and Chervin, Christian
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Deposited On:11 Dec 2012 22:57

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