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Heterogeneous Extractive Batch Distillation of Chloroform - Methanol – Water : Feasibility and Experiments

Van Kaam, Romuald and Rodríguez-Donis, Ivonne and Gerbaud, Vincent Heterogeneous Extractive Batch Distillation of Chloroform - Methanol – Water : Feasibility and Experiments. (2008) Chemical Engineering Science, 6 (1). 78-94. ISSN 0009-2509

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2007.09.005


A novel heterogeneous extractive distillation process is considered for separating the azeotropic mixture chloroform – methanol in a batch rectifying column, including for the first time an experimental validation of the process. Heterogeneous heavy entrainer water is selected inducing an unstable ternary heteroazeotrope and a saddle binary heteroazeotrope with chloroform (ternary diagram class 2.1-2b). Unlike to well-known heterogeneous azeotropic distillation process and thanks to continuous water feeding at the column top, the saddle binary heteroazeotrope chloroform – water is obtained at the column top, condensed and further split into the liquid – liquid decanter where the chloroform-rich phase is drawn as distillate. First, feasibility analysis is carried out by using a simplified differential model in the extractive section for determining the proper range of the entrainer flowrate and the reflux ratio. The operating conditions and reflux policy are validated by rigorous simulation with ProSim Batch Column® where technical features of a bench scale distillation column have been described. Six reproducible experiments are run in the bench scale column matching the simulated operating conditions with two sequentially increasing reflux ratio values. Simulation and experiments agree well. With an average molar purity higher than 99%, more than 85% of recovery yield was obtained for chloroform and methanol.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00092509
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Centro de Quimica Farmacéutica (CUBA)
Laboratory name:
Laboratoire de Génie Chimique - LGC (Toulouse, France) - Procédés Systèmes Industriels (PSI) - Analyse fonctionnelle des Procédés
Deposited On:24 Jan 2008 13:56

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