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Development of multi-component evaporation models and 3D modeling of NOx-SCR reduction system

Ebrahimian Shiadeh, Seyed Vahid. Development of multi-component evaporation models and 3D modeling of NOx-SCR reduction system. PhD, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, 2011

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Official URL: http://ethesis.inp-toulouse.fr/archive/00001558/

Abstract

The aim of the present thesis is to develop a set of numerical models in order to simulate the physical and chemical processes in combustion chamber as well as in exhaust gas after-treatment system of internal combustion engines. In the first part of the thesis, two new multi- omponent evaporation models for droplet and liquid film are proposed. In the droplet evaporation model, a new expression of the evaporation rate has been proposed. It has been shown that taking into account the heat flux due to the enthalpy diffusion of species is of primary significance in the energy balance at the droplet surface. In addition, numerical investigations have shown the importance of considering a real gas equation of state in the high pressure and/or low temperature conditions. A multi-component liquid film evaporation model has then been developed based on the single-component film evaporation model already implemented in IFP-C3D code. Particularly, the wall laws have been generalized for the multi-component film evaporation taking into account the mentioned features applied to the droplet evaporation model. The importance of surface temperature in the evaporation of liquid film has also been shown. Contrary to the droplet evaporation, the numerical investigations on film evaporation have shown that using an ideal mixture equation of state leads to results similar to those obtained using a real gas equation of state. The second part of the thesis uses the evaporation models, developed in the first part of the thesis, along with a new developed thermolysis model in order to produce the ammonia needed for the SCR system. In the present study, ammonia is produced from the urea-water solution injected into the exhaust pipe line. Water evaporates and urea decomposes to ammonia needed for SCR system. The evaporation of water is modeled with the proposed evaporation models in the first part of the present thesis with some modifications in order to take into account the influence of urea on the water evaporation. New multi-step thermolysis model for urea is then implemented in the IFP-C3D code in order to simulate the distribution of gaseous ammonia at the entrance of SCR system. The present model is also able to simulate the formation of solid by-products from urea thermolysis. The numerical results of the developed models allow us to assess the contribution of the developments made during this work in the context of industrial applications.

Item Type:PhD Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
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Research Director:
Cuenot, Bénédicte and Habchi, Chawki
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Deposited On:21 Nov 2012 12:36

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