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A stoichiometric reaction scheme for Saccharothrix algeriensis growth and thiolutin production

Strub, Caroline and Brandam, Cédric and Meyer, Xuân-Mi and Lebrihi, Ahmed A stoichiometric reaction scheme for Saccharothrix algeriensis growth and thiolutin production. (2010) Process Biochemistry, 45 (11). 1808-1815. ISSN 1359-5113

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2010.07.010


A new bacterial species, Saccharothrix algeriensis NRRL B-24137, was isolated in 1992 in the Sahara desert. This filamentous bacterium is able to produce dithiolopyrrolones, molecules presenting antibacterial, antifungal, and anticancer properties. In this study, a “reaction engineering” approach was adopted to gain more knowledge on the growth of Sa. algeriensis and its dithiolopyrrolone production on a semi-synthetic liquid medium. The objective is to establish a reaction scheme of the bacterium metabolism from extracellular experimental information, relatively easy to obtain. The approach enabled us to show that Sa. algeriensis could grow using several substrates that were sequentially consumed and that substrate limitation may induce a secondary metabolism in antibiotic production. From these qualitative data, a general reaction scheme was extracted consisting of four reactions: growth via amino acids, glucose consumption for maintenance, growth using glucose, and thiolutin production. The stoichiometric coefficients and the reaction extends were identified using a factorial analysis based on the bilinear structure of the component mass balances in a batch reactor. The analysis of the reaction stoichiometry enabled us to draw some conclusions concerning the substrate consumption pathway.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1359511310002758
HAL Id:hal-02667958
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Laboratoire de Génie Chimique - LGC (Toulouse, France) - Procédés Systèmes Industriels (PSI) - Analyse fonctionnelle des procédés
Laboratoire de Génie Chimique - LGC (Toulouse, France) - Bioprocédés et systèmes microbiens (BioSyM)
Laboratoire de Génie Chimique - LGC (Toulouse, France)
Deposited On:30 Sep 2011 10:26

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