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Medieval coastal Syrian vegetation patterns in the principality of Antioch

Kaniewski, David and Van Campo, Elise and Paulissen, Etienne and Weiss, Harvey and Otto, Thierry and Bakker, Johan and Rossignol, Ingrid and Van Lerberghe, Karel Medieval coastal Syrian vegetation patterns in the principality of Antioch. (2010) The Holocene, 21 (2). 251-262. ISSN 0959-6836

(Document in English)

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959683610378883


The coastal area of Jableh, in the vicinity of the Saladin and Al-Marquab castles, is a fertile alluvial plain located on the northwestern part of Syria, in what was once the crusader Principality of Antioch. In order to detail the coastal environment during the crusader period in the Middle East, palynological analyses have been conducted on the underlying coastal-alluvial deposits. The recovered sediments represent a continuous record of the environmental history of the area spanning a c. AD 850—1850 cal. yr period, from the Muslim Era up to and including the late Ottoman times. During the local crusader period (AD 1100—1270), the area was dominated by an arborescent mattoral mixed with a xerophytic shrub-steppe. The alluvial plain was slightly waterlogged and colonized by a wetland meadow with an open vegetation of steppe-like character on bare surfaces and fresh arable soils. The riparian and open deciduous riverine forests were weakly developed. Signs of agricultural activities are mainly recorded for the High Medieval period (AD 1000—1300), with an increase of vineyards in the coastal area. Since c. AD 1250 cal. yr until the end of the crusader period, agricultural activities never reached the same intensity as during the Mameluke Sultanate and the Ottoman Empire.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Sage editor. The definitive version is available at http://journals.sagepub.com/ The original PDF of the article can be found at The Holocene website : http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0959683610378883
HAL Id:hal-01516168
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Other partners > Katholieke Universiteit Leuven - KU LEUVEN (BELGIUM)
Other partners > Yale University (USA)
Laboratory name:
Onderzoeksfonds Katholieke Universiteit Leuven - Belgian Science Policy, Belgium - Paul Sabatier-Toulouse3 University
Deposited On:28 Apr 2017 15:47

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