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CMOS detectors for space applications: from R&D to operational program with large volume foundry

Martin-Gonthier, Philippe and Magnan, Pierre and Corbière, Franck and Rolando, Sébastien and Saint-Pé, Olivier and Breart de Boisanger, Michel and Larnaudie, Franck CMOS detectors for space applications: from R&D to operational program with large volume foundry. (2010) In: Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XIV, 20 September 2010 (Toulouse, France).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.868442


Nowadays, CMOS image sensors are widely considered for space applications. The use of CIS (CMOS Image sensor) processes has significantly enhanced their performances such as dark current, quantum efficiency and conversion gain. However, in order to fulfil specific space mission requirements, dedicated research and development work has to be performed to address specific detector performance issues. This is especially the case for dynamic range improvement through output voltage swing optimisation, control of conversion gain and noise reduction. These issues have been addressed in a 0.35μm CIS process, based on a large volume CMOS foundry, by several joint ISAE- EADS Astrium R&D programs. These results have been applied to the development of the visible and near-infrared multi-linear imager for the SENTINEL 2 mission (LEO Earth observation mission for the Global Measurement Environment and Security program). For this high performance multi-linear device, output voltage swing improvement is achieved by process optimisation done in collaboration with foundry. Conversion gain control is also achieved for each spectral band by managing photodiode capacitance. A low noise level at sensor output is reached by the use of an architecture allowing Correlated Double Sampling readout in order to eliminate reset noise (KTC noise). KTC noise elimination reveals noisy pixels due to RTS noise. Optimisation of transistors’s dimensions, taking into account conversion gain constraints, is done to minimise these noisy pixels. Additional features have been also designed: 1) Due to different integration times between spectral bands required by mission, a specific readout mode was developed in order to avoid electrical perturbations during the integration time and readout. This readout mode leads to specific power supply architecture. 2)Post processing steps can be achieved by alignment marks design allowing a very good accuracy. These alignment marks can be used for a black coating deposition between spectral bands (pixel line) in order to minimise straight lighteffects. In conclusion a review of design improvements and performances of the final component is performed.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information:Thanks to Spie. The definitive version is available on http://spiedigitallibrary.org/
Audience (conference):International conference proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Other partners > EADS - Astrium (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Département d'Electronique, Optronique et Signal - DEOS (Toulouse, France) - Conception d’Imageurs Matriciels Intégrés - CIMI
Deposited On:09 Jun 2011 13:43

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