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Dynamic mechanical properties of oral mucosa: comparison with polymeric soft denture liners.

Lacoste-Ferré, Marie-Hélène and Demont, Philippe and Dandurand, Jany and Dantras, Eric and Duran, Damien and Lacabanne, Colette Dynamic mechanical properties of oral mucosa: comparison with polymeric soft denture liners. (2011) Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 4 (3). 269-274. ISSN 1751-6161

(Document in English)

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmbbm.2010.10.005


The purpose of this work was to characterize the viscoelastic behaviour of oral mucosa and compare it with the dynamic mechanical properties of different soft liners. For this purpose, a sample of pig oral mucosa and six commercialized soft liner samples have been investigated. A comparison was also carried with the first suitable hard rubber for dental prosthetics: vulcanite. Creep recovery (CR) and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA)have been used to determine the mechanical modulus of oral mucosa and soft liners respectively. The Poisson ratio is used to compare mucosa bulk modulus and soft liner shear modulus. The biomechanical concept of conventional complete dentures needs a good adjustment of dynamic mechanical impedance between the base and oral mucosa. The viscoelastic mechanical property of the oral mucosa as a referent biopolymer has been confirmed in vitro. The modulus value, adjusted for old patients in physiological conditions, is in the order of 3 MPa. This study underlines the plasticization effect of absorbed water on the mechanical properties of the underlying tissue. This study allows us to define some characteristics of the most adapted biomaterial according to the clinical exigency. The required biomaterial must display the following properties: compatibility and chemical resistance with biological environment perpetuated mechanical properties during physiological conditions and clinical use, good adjustment of dynamic mechanical impedance with supporting mucosa and easy sample processing.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials website : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/17516161
HAL Id:hal-03544103
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Other partners > Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Toulouse - CHU Toulouse (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Deposited On:22 Apr 2011 06:30

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