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Variations in zearalenone activation in avian food species

Kolf-Clauw, Martine and Ayouni, Fatma and Tardieu, Didier and Guerre, Philippe Variations in zearalenone activation in avian food species. (2008) Food and Chemical Toxicology, 4 (5). 1467-1473. ISSN 0278-6915

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Zearalenone (ZEA), a widely distributed oestrogenic fusariotoxin, constitutes a potential risk for human and animal health. ZEA is metabolised to the main metabolites identified in vitro and in vivo: alpha-zearalenol (α-ZOL) and beta-zearalenol (β-ZOL). The efficiency to produce alpha-reduced metabolites appears of particular interest in risk assessment as alpha-reduced metabolites constitute activated forms whereas beta-reduced metabolites are less oestrogenic than ZEA. In this study ZEA activation was compared in avian food species. ZEA and its reduced metabolites were quantified in subcellular fractions of six avian species and rat livers. The α-ZOL/β-ZOL ratio in rats was 19. The various avian food species cannot be considered to be equivalent in terms of ZEA reduction (P<0.001). Quails represented high “beta reducers”, with α-ZOL/β-ZOL ratio less than two. Weak “beta reducers” included on one part ducks and chickens showing α-ZOL/β-ZOL ratio greater than 3 and up to 5.6 and on a second part geese, showing a lower production of α-ZOL than other poultry. Comparisons of enzyme kinetics in ducks and in quails show that these variations can be explained by the action of various isoforms of dehydrogenases. These results are relevant to food safety, in the context of frequently inevitable contamination of animal feed.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version of the article is available at http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/237/description#description
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse - ENVT (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:02 Jun 2010 13:03

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