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Towards a hydrogen supply chain : a mathematical evaluation framework of natural gas pipelines use for hydrogen delivery

Azzaro-Pantel, Catherine and Domenech, Serge and Pibouleau, Luc and Tabkhi, Firooz Towards a hydrogen supply chain : a mathematical evaluation framework of natural gas pipelines use for hydrogen delivery. (2009) In: 2nd International Congress on Green Process Engineering,2nd European Process Intensification Conference, 14-17 June 2009, Venise,Italie .

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Abstract. This article presents the framework of a mathematical formulation for modelling and evaluating natural gas pipeline networks under hydrogen injection. The model development is based on gas transport through pipelines and compressors which compensate for the pressure drops by implying mainly the mass and momentum balances on the basic elements of the network. The model was initially implemented for natural gas transport and the principle of extension for hydrogen–natural gas mixtures is presented. The optimization procedure has been formulated by means of a nonlinear technique within the General Algebraic Modelling System (GAMS) environment. This work deals with the adaptation of the current transmission networks of natural gas to the transport of hydrogen–natural gas mixtures. The objective function is the amount of hydrogen for a given transmission power. Typical quantitative results are presented, showing that the maximum fraction of hydrogen that can be added to natural gas is around 6 mass percent for the studied example. According to this study, an adaptation of the current networks of transmission of natural gas to the transport of hydrogen seems to be possible with low contents of hydrogen. This paper shows that the design of large new hydrogen infrastructures can be seen as more challenging and is expected to necessitate substantial additional effort to attain wide deployment under safety conditions.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:This article is publied in the CDrom : Proceedings 14-17 June 2009,Venice-Italy.
Audience (conference):International conference proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Laboratoire de Génie Chimique - LGC (Toulouse, France) - Procédés Systèmes Industriels (PSI)
Deposited On:08 Jul 2009 08:46

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