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Comparison of Cardiac Activity and Subjective Measures During Virtual Reality and Real Aircraft Flight

Labedan, Patrice and Dehais, Frédéric and Peysakhovich, Vsevolod Comparison of Cardiac Activity and Subjective Measures During Virtual Reality and Real Aircraft Flight. (2023) In: Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications. (Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS,volume 1691)). Springer, 112-131. ISBN 978-3-031-25476-5

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-25477-2_6


Pilot training requires significant resources, both material and human. Immersive virtual reality is a good way to reduce costs and get around the lack of resources availability. However, the effectiveness of virtual flight simulation has not yet been fully assessed, in particular, using physiological measures. In this AQ1 study, 10 pilots performed standard traffic patterns on both real aircraft (DR400) and its virtual simulation (in head-mounted device and motion platform).We used subjective measures through questionnaires of immersion, presence, and ability to control the aircraft, and objective measures using heart rate, and heart rate variability. The results showed that the pilots were able to fully control the aircraft. Points to improve include updating the hardware (better display resolution and hand tracking) and the simulator dynamics for modelling ground effect. During AQ2 the real experience, the overall heart rate (HR) was higher (+20 bpm on average), and the heart rate variability (HRV) was lower compared to the virtual experience. The flight phases in both virtual and real flights induced similar cardiac responses with more mental efforts during take-off and landing compared to the downwind phase. Overall, our findings indicate that virtual flight reproduces real flight and can be used for pilot training. However, replacing pilot training with exclusively virtual flight hours seems utopian at this point.

Item Type:Book Section
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:14 Mar 2023 10:23

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