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Phosphosilicate Multimode Optical Fiber for Sensing and Diagnostics at Inertial Confinement Fusion Facilities

Paillet, Philippe and Girard, Sylvain and Goiffon, Vincent and Duhamel, Olivier and Morana, Adriana and Lambert, Damien and De Michele, Vincenzo and Campanella, Cosimo and Melin, Gilles and Robin, Thierry and Vidalot, Jeoffray and Meyer, Arnaud and Boukenter, Aziz and Ouerdane, Youcef and Marin, Emmanuel and Glebov, Vladimir Yu. and Pien, Gregory Phosphosilicate Multimode Optical Fiber for Sensing and Diagnostics at Inertial Confinement Fusion Facilities. (2022) IEEE Sensors Journal, 22 (23). 22700-22706. ISSN 1530-437X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/JSEN.2022.3217436

Abstract

We characterized the radiation response in the visible domain of a new multimode graded-index (GI) phosphosilicate optical fiber (GIMMF), exposed to the harsh environment (pulses of 14-MeV neutrons, X-rays, and γ -rays) associated with laser experiments at the OMEGA facility. The growth of permanent radiation-induced attenuation (RIA) was measured in situ after a series of laser shots involving a large production of 14-MeV neutrons (yields > 10^14 n per shot). RIA linearly increases with accumulated neutron fluence without recovery between shots. The obtained results allow a precise evaluation of this GIMMF vulnerability when implemented as part of laser or plasma diagnostics. Our work also reveals the potential of this class of optical fiber to serve as a radiation monitor in the radiation-rich mixed environments of megajoule class laser facilities and to provide a very fast and online estimation of the accumulated deposited dose at various locations of their experimental halls. In our experimental test configuration at OMEGA, 14-MeV neutrons are estimated to contribute to about 55% of the total deposited dose on the fibers, and the other optical losses are related to X-ray and γ -ray contributions. Those measurements could be, for example, benchmarked to the radiation maps obtained by Monte Carlo simulation tools, potentially facilitating the evaluation of the aging of diagnostics, components, and systems as well as their maintenance operations.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers). This paper is available at : https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9934019 “© 2022 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:07 Feb 2023 14:06

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