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Boundary layer transition over a lowreynolds number rotor : effects of roughness and freestream turbulence

Jaroslawski, Thomas and Forte, Maxime and Moschetta, Jean-Marc and Gowree, Erwin Ricky Boundary layer transition over a lowreynolds number rotor : effects of roughness and freestream turbulence. (2022) In: 56th 3AF International Conference on Applied Aerodynamics, 28 March 2022 - 30 March 2022 (Toulouse, France).

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Two separate experiments are conducted on a three bladed NACA0012 rotor operating at low Reynolds numbers using phase-locked infrared thermography coupled with simultaneous force and torque measurements. The first, focuses on the effects of freestream turbulence on boundary layer transition over the suction side of the aerofoil of the rotor in an advancing configuration. Freestream turbulence (FST) was generated in an open section wind tunnel using grids and was characterized using Hot-Wire anemometry. In general, when the rotor was subjected to FST, an increase in thrust and efficiency was observed, which could be due to the FST suppressing flow separation or by inducing early transition. The second experiment, consisted of a parametric study on the impact of forcing boundary layer transition using roughness placed on the suction side of the aerofoil, in a hover configuration. The height of the roughness was varied from 52-220μm and was placed at all at at 10% chord, over the entire span of the blade. Force and torque measurements revealed that there could be a optimal roughness height that could lead to a performance increase.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
HAL Id:hal-03654430
Audience (conference):International conference proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Office National d'Etudes et Recherches Aérospatiales - ONERA (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Deposited On:28 Apr 2022 13:35

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