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Optimal growth over a time-evolving variable-density jet at Atwood number |At|=0.25

Nastro, Gabriele and Fontane, Jérôme and Joly, Laurent Optimal growth over a time-evolving variable-density jet at Atwood number |At|=0.25. (2022) Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 936. A15. ISSN 0022-1120

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2022.45

Abstract

Secondary instabilities growing over a time-evolving variable-density round jet subject to the primary Kelvin–Helmholtz (KH) instability at Atwood number |At|=0.25 are investigated with a non-modal linear stability analysis. Despite local modifications of the base flow vorticity induced by the baroclinic torque, these disturbances experience a short-term universal growth due to a combination of the Orr and lift-up mechanisms, whatever the azimuthal wavenumber ????. At Re=1000, the secondary energy growth stems from the development of elliptical and hyperbolic instabilities, with an E-type-to-H-type transition as ???? and Re increase, as in the homogeneous case (Nastro et al., J. Fluid Mech., vol. 900, 2020, A13). In the light jet at Re=1000, after the KH mode saturation, the high-???? H-type instability is replaced by a perturbation organised as counter-rotating streamwise vortices located in the base flow region of promoted strain rate. Increasing the Reynolds number up to Re=10000 yields larger energy growths and a strong anisotropy among energy and enstrophy components with a preferential increase of axial velocity and azimuthal vorticity. Both come from the linearised baroclinic source that drives the optimal response towards folded sheets of axial velocity that differ from those observed in the variable-density plane shear layers. When the perturbation is injected around the KH saturation time for Re=10000, the response to optimal perturbation takes the form of fast growing secondary KH instabilities whatever ????. We find these three-dimensional secondary KH instabilities to be good candidates for the transition to turbulence in variable-density jet flows.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:14 Feb 2022 14:11

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