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Microstructural and Chemical Changes of a Ti-Stabilized Austenitic Stainless Steel After Exposure to Liquid Sodium at Temperatures Between 500 °C and 650 °C

Slim, Mohamed Fares and Geandier, Guillaume and Malard, Benoît and Rouillard, Fabien Microstructural and Chemical Changes of a Ti-Stabilized Austenitic Stainless Steel After Exposure to Liquid Sodium at Temperatures Between 500 °C and 650 °C. (2021) Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 52 (10). 4438-4453. ISSN 1073-5623

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-021-06396-1

Abstract

Ti-stabilized austenitic stainless steel was carburized in sodium containing a high carbon activity at three different temperatures, 500 °C, 600 °C, and 650 °C during 1000 hours and 5000 hours. The carbon profile, the carbide volume fraction, and the lattice parameter evolution as function of depth were determined using high-energy X-ray diffraction and electron probe microanalysis. At 650 °C and 600 °C, the carbon precipitated as M23C6 and M7C3 carbides in the sample. The volume fraction of M7C3 carbides was lower than predicted by thermodynamic equilibrium using Thermo-Calc software®. At 500 °C, carbides almost did not form in the steel. Instead, high carbon supersaturation of the austenitic matrix occurred. Both results demonstrate that the carburization profile was strongly influenced by the kinetics of carbide formation at temperatures lower than 650 °C. High-energy X-ray diffraction measurements demonstrated that the austenite and carbide lattice parameters evolved along the carbon profile. Both measured lattice parameter profiles of austenite and M23C6 carbide were compared to the ones predicted from chemical changes of austenite and carbides.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-03588805
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique et aux énergies alternatives - CEA (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université Paris-Saclay (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Lorraine (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Funders:
EU Horizon 2020 - Agence nationale de la recherche - ANR
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Deposited On:25 Feb 2022 09:52

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