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Search for Infrasound Signals in InSight Data Using Coupled Pressure/Ground Deformation Methods

Garcia, Raphaël F. and Murdoch, Naomi and Lorenz, Ralph and Spiga, Aymeric and Bowman, Daniel C. and Lognonné, Philippe and Banfield, Don and Banerdt, William Bruce Search for Infrasound Signals in InSight Data Using Coupled Pressure/Ground Deformation Methods. (2021) Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 111 (6). 3055-3064. ISSN 0037-1106

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1785/0120210079

Abstract

The unprecedented quality and sampling rate of seismometer and pressure sensors of the InSight Mars mission allow us to investigate infrasound through its pressure and ground deformation signals. This study focuses on compliance effects induced by acoustic waves propagating almost horizontally close to the surface. The compliance of acoustic waves is first estimated using the compliance estimates from pressure perturbations moving at wind speed. Then, a marker of compliance events is used to detect events of ground defor- mation induced by pressure variations, in three frequency bands from 0.4 to 3.2 Hz, from InSight sol 180 to 690. Additional selection criteria are imposed on the detected events to focus on acoustic waves and to remove various noise sources (e.g., wind effects or seismom- eter artifacts). After an automated selection, the visual inspection of the records allows us to validate two infrasound candidates that cannot be related to pressure perturbations moving at wind speed nor to known noise sources. For our highest quality infrasound candidate, the relation between this event and a convective vortex occuring 10 s later is tested. The azi- muth of the vortex position at the time of infrasound detection is not consistent with the arrival azimuth of the suspected infrasound inferred from the polarization of seismometer records, thus the link between these two phenomena cannot be demonstrated. Further investigations would require a better understanding of wind-related noise impacting InSight sensors and of the effects of lateral variations of subsurface mechanical properties on the ground deformations induced by atmospheric pressure variations.

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Deposited On:12 Jan 2022 09:09

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