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Rheological, electrical, and dynamic thermomechanical properties: Comparison between multiwall and double-wall carbon nanotubes in polylactide and polyamide 11

Mousavi, Zeinab and Heuzey, Marie-Claude and Kamal, Musa R. and Flahaut, Emmanuel and Carreau, Pierre J. Rheological, electrical, and dynamic thermomechanical properties: Comparison between multiwall and double-wall carbon nanotubes in polylactide and polyamide 11. (2021) Physics of Fluids, 33 (11). 113103. ISSN 1070-6631

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0068537

Abstract

In this study, multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and double-wall carbon nanotubes (DWCNTs) have been dispersed in polylactide (PLA) and polyamide 11 (PA11) using an internal mixer. Rheological characterization confirmed the formation of carbon nanotube (CNT) networks in PLA and PA11 attributed to well-dispersed CNTs in the respective matrices. A lower rheological percolation threshold of PLA/MWCNT nanocomposites (less than 0.5 wt. %) compared to PA11/MWCNT nanocomposites (about 2 wt. %) confirmed the greater affinity of CNTs for PLA. The threshold for DWCNTs was below 0.5 wt. % in PLA and between 0.5 and 1 wt. % in PA11. PLA-based nanocomposites also showed higher electrical conductivity values compared to PA11-based nanocomposites. Nanocomposites containing DWCNTs exhibited higher electrical conductivities compared to those containing MWCNTs due to the higher aspect ratio of DWCNTs. Dynamic mechanical thermal analysis showed enhanced storage modulus values and reduced damping behavior with increasing content of CNTs for both polymers.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Ecole Polytechnique de Montréal (CANADA)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Other partners > McGill University Montréal (CANADA)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Funders:
Natural Science and Engineering Research Council (NSERC)
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Deposited On:22 Nov 2021 13:27

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