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Bimetallic RuNi nanoparticles as catalysts for upgrading biomass: metal dilution and solvent effects on selectivity shifts

Cardona-Farreny, Miquel and Lecante, Pierre and Esvan, Jérôme and Dinoi, Chiara and del Rosal, Iker and Poteau, Romuald and Philippot, Karine and Axet Marti, Maria Rosa Bimetallic RuNi nanoparticles as catalysts for upgrading biomass: metal dilution and solvent effects on selectivity shifts. (2021) Green Chemistry, 23 (21). 8480-8500. ISSN 1463-9262

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1039/d1gc02154k


RuNi nanoparticles (NP) were prepared by decomposition of [Ru(η4-C8H12)(η6-C8H10)] and [Ni(η4-C8H12)2] by H2 in the presence of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) at 85 °C using several Ru/Ni ratios. The nanoparticles display a segregated structure in which Ni is on the surface, as ascertained by wide angle X-ray scattering (WAXS). The catalytic activity in the selective hydrogenation of furfural of these RuNi NP was correlated with the Ru content. High selectivity towards the partially hydrogenated product 2-(hydroxymethyl)furan (HF) was found when carrying out the reaction in tetrahydrofuran (THF). A different scenario was found when using a protic polar solvent, 1-propanol. Catalysts displaying Ru on the surface were able to hydrogenate the heteroaromatic ring, while those with Ni on the surface were highly selective towards the partially hydrogenated product. In addition, Ru surfaces were prone to catalyse the acetalization reaction in the presence of the alcoholic solvent, while the addition of Ni supressed this reactivity. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations performed on hydrogenated Ru nanoparticles (Ru55H70) show differences in the adsorption energies of several reagents, products, reaction intermediates, and solvents onto the Ru NP surface, which are in line with the experimental catalytic results.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Ministère de l’Enseignement supérieur, de la Recherche et de l’Innovation - CALcul en Midi-Pyrénées HPC (CALMIP)
Deposited On:08 Nov 2021 13:49

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