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Bubble fragmentation dynamics in a subsonic Venturi tube for the design of a compact microbubble generator

Murai, Yuichi and Tasaka, Yuji and Oishi, Yoshihiko and Ern, Patricia Bubble fragmentation dynamics in a subsonic Venturi tube for the design of a compact microbubble generator. (2021) International Journal of Multiphase Flow, 139. 103645. ISSN 0301-9322

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2021.103645


Microbubble generators are in wide demand in industry following the discovery of a number of new functions of microbubble mixtures. This paper deals with a Venturi tube microbubble generator in which air bubbles at the inlet are fragmented in the diverging part of the tube. In contrast with past studies, we here regulated the flow subsonic so that fragmentation occurred without the help of pressure shock waves. Counting the microbubbles in image processing, we found that a single bubble fragmented into 20–400 microbubbles depending on the Weber number. The power efficiency is found to range from 30 to 50 percent and insensitive to the liquid viscosity. The mechanism of subsonic fragmentation is elucidated adopting particle tracking velocimetry, in association with a theoretical description of the translational motion and the shape oscillation of the bubble. The key event was found to be the bubble’s rapid slipback in the diverging part of the Venturi tube due to a positive pressure gradient. This provides a function that prevents large bubbles from being released from the subsonic Venturi tube.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-03413023
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Other partners > Hokkaido University (JAPAN)
Other partners > Muroran Institute of Technology - MuroranIt (Japan)
Laboratory name:
JSPS KAKENHI (Basic Research A: 17H01245) - Tokyo Electric Power Co. Ltd (TEPCO)
Deposited On:02 Nov 2021 13:34

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