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Comparing flax and hemp fibres yield and mechanical properties after scutching/hackling processing

Grégoire, Marie and Mahadev, Bar and De Luycker, Emmanuel and Musio, Salvatore and Amaducci, Stefano and Gabrion, Xavier and Placet, Vincent and Ouagne, Pierre Comparing flax and hemp fibres yield and mechanical properties after scutching/hackling processing. (2021) Industrial Crops & Products, 172. 114045. ISSN 0926-6690

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2021.114045

Abstract

Increasing the production of high-performance natural fibres that minimise their impact on the environment is a challenge that flax (Linum usitatissinum L.) cannot address alone. In flax traditional production territories, hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) can be a complementary source of high added value fibres if their yield of long line fibres can be maximised to levels equivalent to the one of flax. The objective of the present work was to establish process parameters maximising the long line fibre yield using flax dedicated scutching and hackling devices. A lab-scale scutching/hackling device was used to establish sets of process parameters which best improve the long fibre scutching yield and as a consequence minimise the production of tow fibres. Decreases in straw processing transfer and beating speeds during scutching were necessary so that to be less aggressive on the straw and fibres. Very high long fibre yields were obtained after scutching and hackling at the laboratory scale (18 % of the hemp straw mass). These very high results, combined to high straw yield production in the field indicate that hemp can be a very productive source of high-performance fibres as these ones showed tensile properties completely suitable for a textile use as well as for load bearing composite materials. If the potential of high production yields and high mechanical and morphological properties was demonstrated at the lab-scale, this one should be improved at the industrial scale. Suggestions to reach this goal are provided to prevent too high transformation of long fibres into tows and to keep the mechanical potential maximum. When using optimised parameters and a lab-scale scutching/hackling device, it was demonstrated that hemp has the potential for providing equivalent amounts of long fibres per hectare than flax with tensile properties about 20 % lower than the ones of flax.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license : https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/. Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version of this document is available at : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2021.114045
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et des Microtechniques - ENSMM (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Franche-Comté (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Technologie de Belfort-Montbéliard - UTBM (FRANCE)
Other partners > Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore (ITALY)
Other partners > Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté - UBFC (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:11 Oct 2021 12:51

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