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Phase Retrieval With Bregman Divergences and Application to Audio Signal Recovery

Vial, Pierre-Hugo and Magron, Paul and Oberlin, Thomas and Févotte, Cédric Phase Retrieval With Bregman Divergences and Application to Audio Signal Recovery. (2021) IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing, 15 (1). 51-64. ISSN 1932-4553

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/JSTSP.2021.3051870


Phase retrieval (PR) aims to recover a signal from the magnitudes of a set of inner products. This problem arises in many audio signal processing applications which operate on a short-time Fourier transform magnitude or power spectrogram, and discard the phase information. Recovering the missing phase from the resulting modified spectrogram is indeed necessary in order to synthesize time-domain signals. PR is commonly addressed by considering a minimization problem involving a quadratic loss function. In this paper, we adopt a different standpoint. Indeed, the quadratic loss does not properly account for some perceptual properties of audio, and alternative discrepancy measures such as beta-divergences have been preferred in many settings. Therefore, we formulate PR as a new minimization problem involving Bregman divergences. We consider a general formulation that actually addresses two problems, since it accounts for the non-symmetry of these divergences in general. To optimize the resulting objective, we derive two algorithms based on accelerated gradient descent and alternating direction method of multiplier. Experiments conducted on audio signal recovery from either exact or modified spectrograms highlight the potential of our proposed methods for audio restoration. In particular, leveraging some of these Bregman divergences induce better performance than the quadratic loss when performing PR from highly degraded spectrograms.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers). This paper is available at :https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9324970 “© 2021 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
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Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse - Jean Jaurès - UT2J (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse 1 Capitole - UT1 (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:19 Oct 2021 14:47

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