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An Artificial Interface for High Cell Voltage Aqueous-Based Electrochemical Capacitors

Olarte, Marco and Menu, Marie-Joëlle and Simon, Patrice and Gressier, Marie and Taberna, Pierre-Louis An Artificial Interface for High Cell Voltage Aqueous-Based Electrochemical Capacitors. (2021) Journal of The Electrochemical Society (JES), 168 (7). 070520. ISSN 0013-4651

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ac10f5

Abstract

Aqueous electrolytes are very effective for supercapacitor applications but their narrow electrochemical potential window (∼1 V) and associated limited energy currently limits their use. Here, we demonstrate a new strategy to enlarge the potential window by designing an artificial interface (ai). An effective ai was achieved via a mixture of siloxanes doped with an ionic liquid, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (EMI TFSI). Indeed, the as-deposited ai on the carbon-based electrode hinders the electron charge transfer but not the ionic charge transfer, making the ai ionic conductive. As a result, a cell voltage of about 1.8 V was obtained in aqueous electrolyte-EMI HSO4 1 mol l−1 in water. Used as a membrane, the ai was found to be ionically specific to EMI+; the proton transference number being close to zero. These results show the strategy of developing an ai at the electrode/electrolyte interface could represent a new path for aqueous-based carbon-carbon supercapacitors to reach higher cell voltages, providing both higher specific energy and power.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
HAL Id:hal-03371278
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Collège de France (FRANCE)
Other partners > Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris - ENSCP (FRANCE)
Other partners > Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Montpellier - ENSCM (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Other partners > Institut polytechnique de Grenoble (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université Paris Sciences & Lettres - PSL (FRANCE)
Other partners > Sorbonne Université (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université Grenoble Alpes - UGA (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Nantes (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Picardie Jules Verne (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour - UPPA (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Haute Alsace - UHA (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Montpellier (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Funders:
Minister of Higher Education, Research and Innovation - MESRI - Paul Sabatier University
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Deposited On:08 Oct 2021 12:48

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