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Particle motion within the viscous sublayer of a turbulent shear flow

Quibeuf, Guillaume and Charru, François and Lacaze, Laurent Particle motion within the viscous sublayer of a turbulent shear flow. (2020) Physical Review Fluids, 5 (1). 014306. ISSN 2469-990X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevFluids.5.014306

Abstract

The motion of isolated heavy particles on the bottom wall of a turbulent shear flow is investigated experimentally (using high-frequency particle tracking) and correlated to that of the fluid (from high-resolution LDV measurements). Numerous particle diameters, particle densities, and flow velocities are considered, where the particles remain within the viscous sublayer (particle Reynolds number lower than 10). It is shown that fluid flow fluctuations within the viscous sublayer (varying Couette flow) induce particle velocity fluctuations of the same magnitude, slightly smaller. The mean particle velocity, standard deviation, and Lagrangian correlation time are found to scale with the viscous scales. Particles roll and slide without takeoff, unlike what happens in viscous laminar flow where the lift force may overcome the immersed particle weight. Arguments are given for this difference. Probability density functions for the streamwise and spanwise velocity are found to follow Gamma and Gaussian laws, respectively, which also scale with the viscous scales.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-03292139
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:09 Jul 2021 07:49

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