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How bacteria use electric fields to reach surfaces

Chong, Poehere and Erable, Benjamin and Bergel, Alain How bacteria use electric fields to reach surfaces. (2021) Biofilm, 3. 100048. ISSN 2590-2075

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bioflm.2021.100048

Abstract

Electrotaxis is the property of cells to sense electric fields and use them to orient their displacement. This property has been widely investigated with eukaryotic cells but it remains unclear whether or not bacterial cells can sense an electric field. Here, a specific experimental set-up was designed to form microbial electroactive biofilms while differentiating the effect of the electric field from that of the polarised electrode surface. Application of an electric field during exposure of the electrodes to the inoculum was shown to be required for an electroactive biofilm to form afterwards. Similar biofilms were formed in both directions of the electric field. This result is attributed to the capacity of the cells to detect the K+ and Na+ ion gradients that the electric field creates at the electrode surface. This microbial property should now be considered as a key factor in the formation of electroactive biofilms and possible implications in the biomedical domain are discussed.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Licence : CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
HAL Id:hal-03244371
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
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Agence Nationale de la Recherche
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Deposited On:01 Jun 2021 09:01

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