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Exploring the relation between Metacognition, Multi-tasking and stress

Konishi, Mahiko and Berberian, Bruno and Sackur, Jérôme and Vincent, Gardelle de Exploring the relation between Metacognition, Multi-tasking and stress. (2020) In: 1st International Conference on Cognitive Aircraft Systems - ICCAS 2020, 18 March 2020 - 19 March 2020 (Toulouse, France). (Unpublished)

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Abstract

When people do multiple tasks at the same time, it is often found that their performance is worse relative to when they do those same tasks in isolation. Indeed, error rates and response times (the Type 1 performance) have been repeatedly found to increase when multitasking. However, one aspect that has received little empirical attention in comparison, is whether observers are aware of these effects (their Type 2 performance). In a previous study, using a simple dual-task visual paradigm, we found that metacognition was unaffected by multitasking. In order to understand if this result could be generalised to other types of multitasking, we further developed a multi-modal paradigm, involving a motor tracking task, a visual detection task, and an auditory n-back task. We made participants perform these tasks in different combinations of single-, dual-, and tripletasking, and asked them to assess their own performance on a trial-by-trial basis. Comparing these different conditions, we discuss our results in the light of the influence that multitasking, and the specific type of task, has both on type 1 and type 2 performance, as well as on participants’ metacognitive bias. Finally, we explore how stress impact these different measures.

Item Type:Invited Conference
Audience (conference):International conference without published proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Office National d'Etudes et Recherches Aérospatiales - ONERA (FRANCE)
Other partners > Ecole Normale Supérieure de Paris - ENS Paris (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:10 May 2021 22:57

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