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Limitation phenomena induced by biofilm formation during hydrocarbon biodegradation

Joannis-Cassan, Claire and Délia, Marie-Line and Riba, Jean-Pierre Limitation phenomena induced by biofilm formation during hydrocarbon biodegradation. (2005) Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, 80 (1). 99-106. ISSN 0268-2575

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jctb.1173


Limiting factors induced by the formation of a biofilm on hydrocarbon’s surface during in-situ bioremediation were identified. A liquid-liquid system (hydrocarbon-aqueous solution) and a device made of six fixed-bed columns packed with sand were successively used on laboratory-scale. In the liquid-liquid system, it was shown that biofilm growth was limiting by the diffusion of both oxygen and hydrocarbon within the biofilm. At the end of growth, the biofilm thickness reached 80±20µm. In the fixed-bed columns, additional difficulties were observed. First, distribution of oxygen in the deepest part of the sand was difficult: from 84 to 100% of the biofilm growth occurred in the upper 2/3 part of the sand. Then, the surface of the hydrocarbon available for microorganisms was found to be a limiting factor for the biofilm’s development.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Laboratoire de Génie Chimique - LGC (Toulouse, France) - Bioprocédés et systèmes microbiens (BioSyM)
Deposited On:25 Jun 2009 15:34

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