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Development and characterization of magnetron sputtered self-lubricating Au-Ni/a-C nano-composite coating on CuCrZr alloy substrate

Chen, Zhaoxi and Qiao, Li and Hillairet, Julien and Song, Yuntao and Turq, Viviane and Wang, Peng and Laloo, Raphaël and Bernard, Jean-Michel and Lu, Kun and Cheng, Yong and Yang, Qingxi and Hernandez, Caroline Development and characterization of magnetron sputtered self-lubricating Au-Ni/a-C nano-composite coating on CuCrZr alloy substrate. (2019) Applied Surface Science, 492. 540-549. ISSN 0169-4332

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2019.06.240


Compounding Au-Ni with carbon (C) lubricants is a feasible approach to improve its mechanical properties and wear performance. In this study, 3.5 μm-thick Au-Ni/C nanocomposite coatings with a low residual stress on CuCrZr substrates by magnetron sputtering were developed. Face-centered cubic and hexagonal close-packed stacking structures were both confirmed in the composite coatings based on transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction analyses. Amorphous C (a-C) was confirmed to be the structure of C in the composite coatings, and its graphitization transition with an increase in the C content was validated by X-ray photoemission spectra and Raman spectroscopy. By compounding 0.88 wt% a-C, the hardness of the Au-Ni/a-C coating reached 400 HV, which is twice higher than that of the Au-Ni coating. The electrical resistivity of the Au-Ni/a-C coating is relatively stable with an increase in the a-C content. As graphitization occurred on the wear track, the produced composite coatings showed a minimum wear rate of 2.2 × 10−6 mm3/N·m under atmospheric conditions, which is half that of the Au-Ni reference coating. Under vacuum, the wear performance of the produced Au-Ni/a-C composite coatings was similar to that of the Au-Ni reference coating.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique et aux énergies alternatives - CEA (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Chinese Academy of Sciences (CHINA)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Other partners > Institute of Plasma Physics, Hefei - IPP (CHINA)
Other partners > Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics - LICP (CHINA)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
National Magnetic Confinement Fusion - China
Deposited On:09 Apr 2021 08:38

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