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Chemical Interaction of Austenitic and Ferritic Steels with B4C Powder in Liquid Sodium at 600°C

Romedenne, Marie and Rouillard, Fabien and Hamon, Didier and Tabarant, Michel and Monceau, Daniel Chemical Interaction of Austenitic and Ferritic Steels with B4C Powder in Liquid Sodium at 600°C. (2019) Corrosion, 75 (10). 1173-1182. ISSN 0010-9312

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.5006/3199

Abstract

In the framework of studies on the control rods’ lifetime for Sodium Fast Reactor, three commercial steels were exposed to B4C powder in liquid sodium at 600°C for durations up to 3,000 h. Analyses by optical and secondary electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, electron microprobe, and glow discharge optical emission spectrometry revealed the formation of boride layers at the surface of the steels and slight carburization underneath. The growth of the boride layers followed parabolic kinetics. The nature of the formed boride layers was in good agreement with thermodynamic equilibrium predicted by software. The carburization depths were much lower than the ones obtained in carburizing liquid sodium at 600°C. Finally, the carbon penetration depth did not grow with time revealing a transient carburization phenomenon and possible protective character of the boride layers against carbon penetration.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique et aux énergies alternatives - CEA (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:07 Apr 2021 06:57

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