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Effect of stress on vacancy formation and diffusion in fcc systems: Comparison between DFT calculations and elasticity theory

Connétable, Damien and Maugis, Philippe Effect of stress on vacancy formation and diffusion in fcc systems: Comparison between DFT calculations and elasticity theory. (2020) Acta Materialia, 200. 869-882. ISSN 1359-6454

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2020.09.053


This paper discusses the effect of stress on the solubility and diffusivity of vacancies using the elasticity theory of point defects. To support the discussion, results are compared with DFT calculations to verify model accuracy. The particular case of vacancies in aluminum is discussed in detail (DFT-elasticity), while three other metallic fcc systems – Ni, Cu and Pd – are discussed through the elasticity approach only. Different types of loading were considered: hydrostatic, multi-axial and shear stresses. In the case of a uni-axial loading, two different directions were investigated: the first along a main crystallographic direction, i.e. [001], and the second perpendicular to the dense plane (111). In order to quantify the effect of stress on diffusivity, the diffusion coefficient of each configuration was expressed for further calculations. By analyzing the symmetry break during the loading process, non-equivalent atomic jumps were identified and diffusion equations obtained. A multi-physic approach was carried out by combining first-principles calculations, to study atomic-scale processes, and a multi-state formalism, to obtain exact diffusion equations. Results show that elasticity accurately captures the effects of stress on vacancy diffusion and solubility and an application method is presented.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Other partners > Aix-Marseille Université - AMU (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Toulon - UTLN (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
HPC resources from CALMIP - GENCI-CINES
Deposited On:24 Mar 2021 09:33

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