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Two-dimensional MXenes for electrochemical capacitor applications: Progress, challenges and perspectives

Zhu, Qizhen and Li, Jiapeng and Simon, Patrice and Xu, Bin Two-dimensional MXenes for electrochemical capacitor applications: Progress, challenges and perspectives. (2021) Energy Storage Materials, 35. 630-660. ISSN 2405-8297

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ensm.2020.11.035


MXenes, a family of 2D transition metal carbides/nitrides with a general formula of Mn+1XnTx (n=1∼3), show promising potential for energy storage applications owing to their 2D lamellar structure, impressive density, metallic-like conductivity, tunable terminations and intercalation pseudocapacitance charge storage mechanism. Various combinations of transition metals, C and/or N, as well as different n layers result in a broad range of MXenes, but only about a small number have been prepared and used for capacitive energy storage applications (supercapacitors) so far, with Ti3C2Tx being the most studied one. This review summarizes the recent advances, achievements and challenges of MXenes for supercapacitors. The preparation methods, composition versatility, material and electrode architectures, chemical modification and hybridization with other active materials of MXenes are presented. Moreover, the electrochemical characterizations and energy storage mechanisms of MXenes in aqueous and non-aqueous electrolytes are discussed, as well as the preparation of flexible and printable MXene-based electrodes and devices. Finally, perspective is also given, providing guidance for the future development of MXenes with advanced performances for designing the next generation of supercapacitors.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-03160891
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Collège de France (FRANCE)
Other partners > Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris - ENSCP (FRANCE)
Other partners > Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Montpellier - ENSCM (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Other partners > Institut polytechnique de Grenoble (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université Paris Sciences & Lettres - PSL (FRANCE)
Other partners > Sorbonne Université (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université Grenoble Alpes - UGA (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Nantes (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Picardie Jules Verne (FRANCE)
Other partners > Beijing University of Chemical Technology - BUCT (CHINA)
Other partners > Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour - UPPA (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Haute Alsace - UHA (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Montpellier (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Deposited On:05 Mar 2021 14:47

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