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Thermal and mechanical performances of bamboo strip

Richmond, Tutea and Lods, Louise and Dandurand, Jany and Dantras, Eric and Lacabanne, Colette and Durand, Jean-Michel and Sherwood, Edouard and Ponteins, Philippe Thermal and mechanical performances of bamboo strip. (2021) Materials Research Express, 8 (2). 025502. ISSN 2053-1591

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1088/2053-1591/abe060

Abstract

Bamboo strips extracted from Phyllostachys viridiglaucescens, grown in Europe, were analysed to assess their thermal and mechanical properties for composites application. Thermal stability of the European bamboo was studied by Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) and compared to the one of species grown in Oceania. An evolution of the chemical composition along the radial direction of the Phyllostachys bamboo was identified by TGA. The inner part of culms shows a higher proportion of hemicelluloses, while the percentage of crystalline cellulose is higher in the outer portion. This evolution of the composition was used to interpret the original data recorded by Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA) of the strips. Glassy tensile modulus founded by DMA increases from the inner part of the culm (6.8 GPa) to the outer part (9.9 GPa). The variation of the cellulose content along the radius of the bamboo culm is related to this increase and shows a good correlation with thermal behaviour. The dynamic relaxations in the shear mode reveal the existence of two secondary relaxation modes sensitive to water. In the order of increasing temperatures, they have been assigned to the mobility of methylol groups and to heterogeneities of the polymeric matrix. By combining Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and DMA, the response of the viscoelastic transition of bamboo strips, at 210 °C, was evidenced for the first time. Bamboo strips behave as a unidirectional composite reinforced by technical fibres; its particularly high shear glassy modulus (2.3 GPa) deserves to be emphasised.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence
HAL Id:hal-03138410
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Other partners > Cobratex (FRANCE)
Other partners > Expleo Group (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:11 Feb 2021 09:31

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