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Isolation, Classification and Antagonistic Properties of Alkalitolerant Actinobacteria from Algerian Saharan Soils

Meklat, Atika and Bouras, Noureddine and Mokrane, Salim and Zitouni, Abdelghani and Djemouai, Nadjette and Klenk, Hans-Peter and Sabaou, Nasserdine and Mathieu, Florence Isolation, Classification and Antagonistic Properties of Alkalitolerant Actinobacteria from Algerian Saharan Soils. (2020) Geomicrobiology Journal, 37 (9). 826-836. ISSN 0149-0451

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/01490451.2020.1786865

Abstract

The Sahara, one of the most extreme environments on Earth, constitutes an unexplored source of alkalitolerant actinobacteria. In this work, we studied the diversity of alkalitolerant actinobacteria in various soils collected from different regions of the Algerian Sahara. A total of 29 alkalitolerant actinobacterial strains were isolated by using a complex agar medium. The diversity of these actinobacteria was evaluated using a polyphasic approach, which included morphological, chemotaxonomic, physiological (numerical taxonomy) and 16S rRNA gene analyses. The isolates which were assigned to the genus Nocardiopsis, shared relatively low 16S rRNA gene sequences similarities compared to closely related species suggesting that they belonged to putatively new species. All of the strains were tested for antibiotic activity against a broad range of microorganisms and screened for genes encoding polyketide synthases and non-ribosomal peptide synthetases and found to have the potential to produce secondary metabolites. Consequently, the study supports the view that extreme environments contain many novel actinobacteria, which represent an unexplored source for the discovery of biologically active compounds.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-03141758
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Ecole normale supérieure de Kouba (ALGERIA)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Saâd Dahlab Blida - USDB (ALGERIA)
Other partners > Newcastle University (UNITED KINGDOM)
Laboratory name:
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Deposited On:15 Feb 2021 14:03

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