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Human Factors Approaches and Models in LOC-I Accident Analysis and Prevention: Flight Crew Resource Management Techniques as a Risk Mitigation Tool

Hari, Benjamin and Sikora, Ivan and Hanusch, Moritz Human Factors Approaches and Models in LOC-I Accident Analysis and Prevention: Flight Crew Resource Management Techniques as a Risk Mitigation Tool. (2020) In: 1st International Conference on Cognitive Aircraft Systems - ICCAS 2020, 18 March 2020 - 19 March 2020 (Toulouse, France). (Unpublished)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.34849/iccas.2020.15

Abstract

Background: Increasing cockpit automation and improved flight envelope protection on modern jet aircraft aim to reduce the risk of undesired flight states such as Loss of Control in Flight (LOC-I). However, evidence collected in recent Safety Reports by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) show that those measures pose new risks in cognitive task management of pilots. Based on our analysis of LOC-I accident reports issued by the respective national Aircraft Accident Investigation Board (AAIB), we found that while cockpit automation aims to increase efficiency, precision and reliability of operation, and reduce workload and fatigue of flight crews, its main inherent disadvantage of manual flying skill decay through non-practice poses new risks when faced with a complex Undesired Aircraft State (UAS). Although LOC-I accidents are infrequent, they are the highest in proportion to fatal accidents compared to other accident categories of significant concern. Therefore, efforts to analyse those rare correlations at the limit of expertise of skilled flight crew members must continue. In times of sophisticated automation, complex Human-Machine interaction has to be examined, and Threat and Error Management (TEM) methods have to be applied.

Item Type:Invited Conference
Audience (conference):International conference without published proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Office National d'Etudes et Recherches Aérospatiales - ONERA (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:02 Feb 2021 13:21

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