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Slipstream Deformation of a Propeller-Wing Combination Applied for Convertible UAVs in Hover Condition

Leng, Yuchen and Bronz, Murat and Jardin, Thierry and Moschetta, Jean-Marc Slipstream Deformation of a Propeller-Wing Combination Applied for Convertible UAVs in Hover Condition. (2020) Unmanned Systems, 8 (4). 295-308. ISSN 2301-3850

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S2301385020500247

Abstract

Convertible unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) combines advantages of convenient autonomous launch/recovery and efficient long range cruise performance. Successful design of this new type of aircraft relies heavily on good understanding of powered lift generated through propeller-wing interactions, where the velocity distribution within propeller slipstream is critical to estimate aerodynamic forces during hover condition. The present research studied a propeller-wing combination with a plain flap. A 5-hole probe measurement system was built to construct three-dimensional (3D) velocity field at a survey plane after wing trailing edge. The study has found that significant deformation of propeller slipstream was present in the form of opposite transverse displacement on extrados and intrados. The deformation could be enhanced by flap deflections. Velocity differences caused by the slipstream deformation could imply local variation of lift distribution compared to predictions from conventional assumptions of cylindrical slipstream. An analytical method was developed to reasonably estimate the position of deformed slipstream centreline. The research underlined that the mutual aspect of propeller-wing interaction could be critical for low-speed aerodynamic design.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Ecole Nationale de l'Aviation Civile - ENAC (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:06 Jan 2021 12:41

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