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How Can Physiological Computing Benefit Human-Robot Interaction?

Roy, Raphaëlle N. and Drougard, Nicolas and Gateau, Thibault and Dehais, Frédéric and Ponzoni Carvalho Chanel, Caroline How Can Physiological Computing Benefit Human-Robot Interaction? (2020) Robotics, 9 (4). 100-124. ISSN 2218-6581

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/robotics9040100

Abstract

As systems grow more automatized, the human operator is all too often overlooked. Although human-robot interaction (HRI) can be quite demanding in terms of cognitive resources, the mental states (MS) of the operators are not yet taken into account by existing systems. As humans are no providential agents, this lack can lead to hazardous situations. The growing number of neurophysiology and machine learning tools now allows for efficient operators' MS monitoring. Sending feedback on MS in a closed-loop solution is therefore at hands. Involving a consistent automated planning technique to handle such a process could be a significant asset. This perspective article was meant to provide the reader with a synthesis of the significant literature with a view to implementing systems that adapt to the operator's MS to improve human-robot operations' safety and performance. First of all, the need for this approach is detailed as regards remote operation, an example of HRI. Then, several MS identified as crucial for this type of HRI are defined, along with relevant electrophysiological markers. A focus is made on prime degraded MS linked to time-on-task and task demands, as well as collateral MS linked to system outputs (i.e. feedback and alarms). Lastly, the principle of symbiotic HRI is detailed and one solution is proposed to include the operator state vector into the system using a mixed-initiative decisional framework to drive such an interaction.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université fédérale Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées - UFTMIP (FRANCE)
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Funders:
Chaire CASAC, Dassault Aviation - ISAE-SUPAERO
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Deposited On:08 Dec 2020 14:13

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