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Stability analysis of the compressible flow past a NACA0012 airfoil at low Reynolds numbers

Rolandi, Laura Victoria and Jardin, Thierry and Fontane, Jérôme and Gressier, Jérémie and Joly, Laurent Stability analysis of the compressible flow past a NACA0012 airfoil at low Reynolds numbers. (2020) In: 73rd Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics (DFD), 22 November 2020 - 24 November 2020 (Chicago, United States). (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Compressible flows at low Reynolds number are characterized by very low density and/or pressure and, nowadays, they are of very interest since these conditions can be found in many innovative applications such as the Hyperloop train, the stratospheric flight and the martian exploration. In the view of stratospheric flight, our work aims to investigate how compressibility affects the wake dynamics of a NACA0012 profile. We first characterize the unsteady flow past the airfoil at Re = 1000 using DNS for various angles of attack α in [0◦;20◦] and Mach numbers up to M = 0.5. Compressibility is found to attenuate the double harmonic oscillations of the wake, which is directly observable in the aerodynamic coefficients. Then, a steady flow is obtained using the filtering technique of Akervik et al. (2006). These flow fields are used as base flows for a global stability analysis. At these angles of attack the neutral curves are determined in the (M,Re) plane. For a given Reynolds number, we observe a stabilizing or a destabilizing effect of compressibility depending on the angle of attack, while the increase of the Mach number always results in a decrease of the critical Reynolds number for all α.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Audience (conference):International conference without published proceedings
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:07 Jan 2021 21:41

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