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Experimental Wind Characterization with the SuperCam Microphone under a Simulated martian Atmosphere

Chide, Baptiste and Murdoch, Naomi and Bury, Yannick and Maurice, Sylvestre and Jacob, Xavier and Merrison, Jonathan P. and Iversen, Jens J. and Meslin, Pierre-Yves and Bassas-Portús, Marti and Cadu, Alexandre and Sournac, Anthony and Dubois, Bruno and Lorenz, Ralph D. and Mimoun, David and Wiens, Roger C. Experimental Wind Characterization with the SuperCam Microphone under a Simulated martian Atmosphere. (2021) Icarus, 354. 114060-114072. ISSN 0019-1035

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2020.114060


Located on top of the mast of the Mars 2020 Perseverance rover, the SuperCam instrument suite includes a microphone to record audible sounds from 100 Hz to 10 kHz on the surface of Mars. It will support SuperCam’s Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy investigation by recording laser-induced shock-waves but it will also record aeroacoustic noise generated by wind flowing past the microphone. This experimental study was conducted in the Aarhus planetary wind-tunnel under low CO2 pressure with wind generated at several velocities. It focused on understanding the wind-induced acoustic signal measured by microphones instrumented in a real scale model of the rover mast as a function of the wind speed and wind orientation. Acoustic spectra recorded under a wind flow show that the low-frequency range of the microphone signal is mainly influenced by the wind velocity. In contrast, the higher frequency range is seen to depend on the wind direction relative to the microphone. On the one hand, for the wind conditions tested inside the tunnel, it is shown that the Root Mean Square of the pressure, computed over the 100 Hz to 500 Hz frequency range, is proportional to the dynamic pressure. Therefore, the SuperCam microphone will be able to estimate the wind speed, considering an in situ cross-calibration with the Mars Environmental Dynamic Analyzer. On the other hand, for a given wind speed, it is observed that the root mean square of the pressure, computed over the 500 Hz to 2000 Hz frequency range, is at its minimum when the microphone is facing the wind whereas it is at its maximum when the microphone is pointing downwind. Hence, a full 360° rotation of the mast in azimuth in parallel with sound recording can be used to retrieve the wind direction. We demonstrate that the SuperCam Microphone has a priori the potential to determine both the speed and the direction of the wind on Mars, thus contributing to atmospheric science investigations.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-03039928
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:01 Dec 2020 08:59

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