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Effect of Maleic Anhydride Grafted Ethylene Vinyl Acetate Compatibilizer on the Mechanical, Thermal Properties and Weathering Resistance of Polyamide 11/Bamboo Fiber Composite

Huynh, Mai Duc and Trung, Tran Huu and Van Cong, Do and Hoang, Thai and Dantras, Eric and Lacabanne, Colette and Giang, Nguyen Vu Effect of Maleic Anhydride Grafted Ethylene Vinyl Acetate Compatibilizer on the Mechanical, Thermal Properties and Weathering Resistance of Polyamide 11/Bamboo Fiber Composite. (2020) Materials Transactions, 61 (8). 1527-1534. ISSN 1345-9678

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.2320/matertrans.MT-MN2019001

Abstract

In this research, short bamboo fiber (BF) has been used as filler in the fabrication of the composite based on polyamide 11 (PA11) by melt-mixing method. In order to improve the compatibility between BF and PA11, maleic anhydride grafted ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer (EVAgMA) was introduced into the composite preparation process. The effect of EVAgMA contents on mechanical, thermal or weathering resistant properties of the composites was investigated. In the presence of the EVAgMA, the tensile strength, impact strength and flexural modulus of composites showed the improvement in comparison to without compatibilizer. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis indicated that the melting temperature of composites did not depend on the EVAgMA contents, while its fusion heat (ΔHm) decreased with increasing EVAgMA contents. Dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA) evaluated the role of EVAgMA on the enhancement of composites’s storage modulus (G′) in the glassy plateau and the interaction between BF and PA11 matrix. After 840 hours of accelerated weathering test, the composites using EVAgMA were decomposed faster than that of neat PA11 and PA11/BF composite. This result was also agreed with the observation of scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) images and the change of carbonyl index (CI). However, the retention of tensile properties of PA11/EVAgMA/BF composites is higher than that of PA11/BF composite.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-03141242
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Other partners > Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology - VAST (VIETNAM)
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Funders:
Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology - VAST (VIETNAM)
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Deposited On:15 Feb 2021 09:45

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