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Performance Limits of GNSS Code-Based Precise Positioning: GPS, Galileo & Meta-Signals

Das, Priyanka and Ortega, Lorenzo and Vilà-Valls, Jordi and Vincent, François and Chaumette, Eric and Davain, Loïc Performance Limits of GNSS Code-Based Precise Positioning: GPS, Galileo & Meta-Signals. (2020) Sensors, Special issue Human-Machine Interaction and Sensors, 20 (8). 2196-2217. ISSN 1424-8220

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/s20082196


This contribution analyzes the fundamental performance limits of traditional two-step Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receiver architectures, which are directly linked to the achievable time-delay estimation performance. In turn, this is related to the GNSS baseband signal resolution, i.e., bandwidth, modulation, autocorrelation function, and the receiver sampling rate. To provide a comprehensive analysis of standard point positioning techniques, we consider the different GPS and Galileo signals available, as well as the signal combinations arising in the so-called GNSS meta-signal paradigm. The goal is to determine: (i) the ultimate achievable performance of GNSS code-based positioning systems; and (ii) whether we can obtain a GNSS code-only precise positioning solution and under which conditions. In this article, we provide clear answers to such fundamental questions, leveraging on the analysis of the Cramér–Rao bound (CRB) and the corresponding Maximum Likelihood Estimator (MLE). To determine such performance limits, we assume no external ionospheric, tropospheric, orbital, clock, or multipath-induced errors. The time-delay CRB and the corresponding MLE are obtained for the GPS L1 C/A, L1C, and L5 signals; the Galileo E1 OS, E6B, E5b-I, and E5 signals; and the Galileo E5b-E6 and E5a-E6 meta-signals. The results show that AltBOC-type signals (Galileo E5 and meta-signals) can be used for code-based precise positioning, being a promising real-time alternative to carrier phase-based techniques.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-02974864
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
Other partners > Direction Générale de l’Aviation Civile - DGAC (FRANCE)
Other partners > SAFRAN (FRANCE)
Other partners > Laboratoire de recherche en télécommunications spatiales et aéronautiques - TéSA (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Deposited On:22 Oct 2020 08:43

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