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Genetic analysis of partial resistance to bacterial leaf streak ( Xanthomonas campestris pv. cerealis ) in wheat

El Attari, Hania and Sarrafi, Ahmad and Alizadeh, A. and Dechamp-Guillaume, Grégory and Barrault, Gérard Genetic analysis of partial resistance to bacterial leaf streak ( Xanthomonas campestris pv. cerealis ) in wheat. (1996) Plant Pathology, 45 (4). 736-741. ISSN 0032-0862

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3059.1996.d01-166.x

Abstract

Genetic variability of partial resistance to bacterial leaf streak was investigated in hexaploid winter wheat (Triticum aestivum. ), using 16 parental genotypes and 48 pure lines (F10) derived from a composite cross programme. Two experiments were undertaken in a controlled growth chamber. Seeds of all genotypes were grown under controlled conditions using a randomized block design with three replications. Each replication consisted of a row of 20 seedlings of each parent and pure line. An Iranian strain of bacterial leaf streak was used for the inoculation of 12‐day‐old seedlings. In a third experiment, eight genotypes from parents and F10 pure lines representing a large variability for partial resistance were inoculated with four other Iranian strains of bacterial leaf streak. A large genetic variability was observed amongst the 64 genotypes for partial resistance to the disease. Partial resistance heritability estimates were rather high (70%), indicating that the resistance factors may be transmitted by crossing. Amongst all genotypes investigated, ‘DC2‐30‐N2’ and ‘IBPT‐66’ displayed the highest partial resistance to the disease. Significant correlations between strains in the third experiment show that a genotype resistant or susceptible to one strain will have similar reactions with other strains. No significant genetic gain was observed for partial resistance in the best pure line of the 48 lines studied, when compared with the best parental line. Increasing the number of pure lines is likely to result in the identification of genotypes that might prove to be more resistant.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-02875296
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:19 Jun 2020 13:39

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