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G-Sparks: Glanceable Sparklines on Smartwatches

Neshati, Ali and Sakamoto, Yumiko and Leboe-Mcgowan, Launa and Leboe-Mcgowan, Jason and Serrano, Marcos and Irani, Pourang G-Sparks: Glanceable Sparklines on Smartwatches. (2019) In: 45th Conference on Graphics Interface (GI 2019), 28 May 2019 - 31 May 2019 (Kingston, Ontario, Canada).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.20380/GI2019.23

Abstract

Optimizing the use of a small display while presenting graphic data such as line charts is challenging. To tackle this, we propose GSparks, a compact visual representation of glanceable line graphs for smartwatches. Our exploration primarily considered the suitable compression axes for time-series charts. In a first study we examine the optimal line-graph compression approach without compromising perceptual metrics, such as slope or height detections. We evaluated compressions of line segments, the elementary unit of a line graph, along the x-axis, y-axis, and xyaxes. Contrary to intuition, we find that condensing graphs yield more accurate reading of height estimations than non-compressed graphs, but only when these are compressed along the x-axis. Building from this result, we study the effect of an x-axis compression on users' ability to perform "glanceable" analytic tasks with actual data. Glanceable tasks include quick perceptual judgements of graph properties. Using bio-metric data (heart rate), we find that shrinking a line graph to the point of representing one data sample per pixel does not compromise legibility. As expected, such type of compression also has the effect of minimizing the needed amount of flicking to interact with such graphs. From our results, we offer guidelines to application designers needing to integrate line charts into smartwatch apps.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
HAL Id:hal-02891743
Audience (conference):International conference proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Other partners > University of Manitoba (CANADA)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse - Jean Jaurès - UT2J (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse 1 Capitole - UT1 (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Funders:
ANR : Agence nationale de la recherche (France) - CNRS : Centre national de la recherche scientifique (France) - NSERC : Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (Canada) - CRC : Cooperative Research Centre (Australie)
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Deposited On:24 Jun 2020 08:51

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