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Life cycle assessment of thermochemical energy storage integration concepts for a concentrating solar power plant

Pelay, Ugo and Azzaro-Pantel, Catherine and Fan, Yilin and Luo, Lingai Life cycle assessment of thermochemical energy storage integration concepts for a concentrating solar power plant. (2020) Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy, 39 (4). ISSN 1944-7442

(Document in English)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/ep.13388


This paper presents an original life cycle assessment (LCA) of a concentrating solar power (CSP) plant with thermochemical energy storage (TCES). The studied CSP plant is a hypothetic solar tower plant with a Rankine power cycle, and the TCES material used is calcium hydroxide. Based on three proposed TCES integration concepts, detailed sizing and the associated emission inventory are performed for four main groups that constitute the CSP plant, including the solar field, the solar tower, the storage system and the power cycle. Various midpoint impact categories are evaluated using the IMPACT 2002+ method embedded in the SimaPro 7.3 software. A sensitivity analysis is performed to identify the most influencing elements of the CSP plant on the environmental impacts. LCA results show that the CSP plant with different TCES integration alternatives has comparable global warming potential (approximately 11 kg CO2.eq/MWh) and energy payback time (approximately 4 months). The additional environmental burden due to the addition of the TCES system is relatively small (about 30%). The use of calcium hydroxide for the TCES has noticeable midpoint impacts on the respiratory inorganics, the terrestrial ecotoxicity and the mineral extraction. Solar field group (heliostat mirrors) is generally the most sensitive and environmental impacting factor of the CSP installation. The Turbine integration concept has the smallest environmental impacts among the three concepts proposed.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Nantes (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Agence Nationale de la Recherche
Deposited On:21 Jul 2020 08:52

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