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A QTL analysis of sunflower partial resistance to downy mildew (Plasmopara halstedii) and black stem (Phoma macdonaldii) by the use of recombinant inbred lines (RILs)

Rachid Alchaarani, Ghias and Roustaee, Ali Mohammad and Gentzbittel, Laurent and Mokrani, Loubna and Barrault, Gérard and Dechamp-Guillaume, Grégory and Sarrafi, Ahmad A QTL analysis of sunflower partial resistance to downy mildew (Plasmopara halstedii) and black stem (Phoma macdonaldii) by the use of recombinant inbred lines (RILs). (2002) Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 104 (2). 490-496. ISSN 0040-5752

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s001220100742

Abstract

Partial resistance to downy mildew (Plasmopara halstedii) and to black stem (Phoma macdonaldii) in sunflower were investigated under natural field infection and a controlled growth chamber respectively. Genetic control for resistance to the diseases was determined in recombinant inbred lines (RILs) and their two parents, ’PAC-2’ and ’RHA-266.’ The experiments were undertaken in a randomized complete block design with two replications, in a field severely infected by downy mildew and in a controlled growth chamber with plants inoculated with an agressive French isolate of P. macdonaldii. Each replication consisted of three rows, 4.6-m long, giving 48 plants per RIL or parent in the field and 15 plants in the growth chamber. Genetic variability was observed among the RILs for resistance to both diseases. When 10% of the selected RILs were compared with the mean of the two parents genetic gain was significant for partial resistance to the diseases. Four putative QTLs for resistance to downy mildew on linkage groups 1, 9 and 17 were detected using composite interval mapping. The QTLs explained 54.9% of the total phenotypic variance. Major QTLs (dmr1–1 and dmr1–2) for resistance were found on linkage group 1 with up to 31% of the phenotypic variability explained by two peaks. QTL analysis of resistance to black stem showed seven QTLs on linkage groups 3, 6, 8, 9, 11, 15 and 17. The detected QTLs together explain 92% of the phenotypic variation of the trait. Crosses between RILs contrasted for their resistance to downy mildew and black stem, and exhibiting molecular polymorphism in detected QTLs, will be made in order to focus more-precisely on the genomic region of interest.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-02875021
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:09 Jun 2020 15:08

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