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Model for the dynamics of micro-bubbles in high-Reynolds-number flows

Zhang, Zhentong and Legendre, Dominique and Zamansky, Rémi Model for the dynamics of micro-bubbles in high-Reynolds-number flows. (2019) Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 879. 554-578. ISSN 0022-1120

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2019.662

Abstract

We propose a model for the acceleration of micro-bubbles (smaller than the dissipative scale of the flow) subjected to the drag and fluid inertia forces in a homogeneous and isotropic turbulent flow. This model, that depends on the Stokes number, Reynolds number and the density ratio, reproduces the evolution of the acceleration variance as well as the relative importance and alignment of the two forces as observed from direct numerical simulations (DNS). We also report that the bubble acceleration statistics conditioned on the local kinetic energy dissipation rate are invariant with the Stokes number and the dissipation rate. Based on this observation, we propose a stochastic model for the instantaneous bubble acceleration vector accounting for the small-scale intermittency of the turbulent flows. The norm of the bubble acceleration is obtained by modelling the dissipation rate along the bubble trajectory from a log-normal stochastic process, whereas its orientation is given by two coupled random walks on a unit sphere in order to model the evolution of the joint orientation of the drag and inertia forces acting on the bubble. Furthermore, the proposed stochastic model for the bubble acceleration is used in the context of large eddy simulations (LES) of turbulent flows laden with small bubbles. To account for the turbulent motion at scales smaller than the mesh resolution, we decompose the instantaneous bubble acceleration in its resolved and residual parts. The first part is given by the drag and fluid inertia forces computed from the resolved velocity field, and the second term refers to the random contribution of small unresolved turbulent scales and is estimated with the stochastic model proposed in the paper. Comparisons with DNS and standard LES, show that the proposed model improves significantly the statistics of the bubbly phase.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-02640539
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:22 Apr 2020 13:37

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