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Velocity distribution in open channel flow with spatially distributed roughness

Cassan, Ludovic and Roux, Hélène and Dartus, Denis Velocity distribution in open channel flow with spatially distributed roughness. (2019) Environmental Fluid Mechanics. 1-19. ISSN 1567-7419

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10652-019-09720-x


A numerical procedure is proposed to estimate the velocity distribution in open channel flow, for engineering applications. A method based on the mixing length model and sub-division of the wetted surface, is modified to easily integrate a lateral distribution of roughness. Several friction models for vegetated or rough flows can be added, two of which have been tested. The numerical procedure was developed with a commercial software (Matlab) to ensure fast computation and possible coupling with 1D hydraulic models. The validation of the computation has been done with rectangular and compound channels with spatially distributed roughness. The usefulness of the method for ecohydraulics is demonstrated with two applications: box culvert design for fish passes and 1D modelling of mountain river flows for which experimental results from a laboratory scale-model is compared to predictions. The interest of a friction law calibrated with a real grain roughness size is put forward.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-02648480
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Deposited On:25 Mar 2020 08:18

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