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Bone mineral: new insights into its chemical composition

Von Euw, Stanislas and Wang, Yan and Laurent, Guillaume and Drouet, Christophe and Babonneau, Florence and Nassif, Nadine and Azaïs, Thierry Bone mineral: new insights into its chemical composition. (2019) Scientific Reports, 9 (1). 1-11. ISSN 2045-2322

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-44620-6

Abstract

Some compositional and structural features of mature bone mineral particles remain unclear. They have been described as calcium-deficient and hydroxyl-deficient carbonated hydroxyapatite particles in which a fraction of the PO43− lattice sites are occupied by HPO42− ions. The time has come to revise this description since it has now been proven that the surface of mature bone mineral particles is not in the form of hydroxyapatite but rather in the form of hydrated amorphous calcium phosphate. Using a combination of dedicated solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance techniques, the hydrogen-bearing species present in bone mineral and especially the HPO42− ions were closely scrutinized. We show that these HPO42− ions are concentrated at the surface of bone mineral particles in the so-called amorphous surface layer whose thickness was estimated here to be about 0.8 nm for a 4-nm thick particle. We also show that their molar proportion is much higher than previously estimated since they stand for about half of the overall amount of inorganic phosphate ions that compose bone mineral. As such, the mineral-mineral and mineral-biomolecule interfaces in bone tissue must be driven by metastable hydrated amorphous environments rich in HPO42− ions rather than by stable crystalline environments of hydroxyapatite structure.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Collège de France (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Other partners > Sorbonne Université (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:09 Mar 2020 15:28

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