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From representation learning to thematic classification - Application to hierarchical analysis of hyperspectral images

Lagrange, Adrien. From representation learning to thematic classification - Application to hierarchical analysis of hyperspectral images. PhD, Signal, Image, Acoustique et Optimisation, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, 2019

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Abstract

Numerous frameworks have been developed in order to analyze the increasing amount of available image data. Among those methods, supervised classification has received considerable attention leading to the development of state-of-the-art classification methods. These methods aim at inferring the class of each observation given a specific class nomenclature by exploiting a set of labeled observations. Thanks to extensive research efforts of the community, classification methods have become very efficient. Nevertheless, the results of a classification remains a highlevel interpretation of the scene since it only gives a single class to summarize all information in a given pixel. Contrary to classification methods, representation learning methods are model-based approaches designed especially to handle high-dimensional data and extract meaningful latent variables. By using physic-based models, these methods allow the user to extract very meaningful variables and get a very detailed interpretation of the considered image. The main objective of this thesis is to develop a unified framework for classification and representation learning. These two methods provide complementary approaches allowing to address the problem using a hierarchical modeling approach. The representation learning approach is used to build a low-level model of the data whereas classification is used to incorporate supervised information and may be seen as a high-level interpretation of the data. Two different paradigms, namely Bayesian models and optimization approaches, are explored to set up this hierarchical model. The proposed models are then tested in the specific context of hyperspectral imaging where the representation learning task is specified as a spectral unmixing problem

Item Type:PhD Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
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Research Director:
Dobigeon, Nicolas and Fauvel, Mathieu
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Deposited On:04 Mar 2020 15:13

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